Types of fungal fruiting bodies
This section contains macroscopic descriptions of the commonest types of fruiting bodies.
The standard mushroom (stem, cap, gills) is familiar to everyone, but not all mushrooms have stems. Some species that grow on wood have caps that grow out directly from the wood. In some cases the cap is semi-circular and attached by the straight edge (as shown in this species of Crepidotus below) while in others (that grow on the underside of fallen logs or trunks) the cap is circular but attached by its upper side. The second picture shows a species of Resupinatus, found growing on the underside of a rotting branch that was lying on the ground. You can see the gills on the small, circular cap (up to a centimetre in diameter).
Apart from mushrooms there are a variety of other forms of sporocarps, sometimes with very descriptive common names. You can find out more about various common types by following the links below. But remember, whenever you see one of these - you're only seeing the spore-producing part of the fungus. There's an out-of-sight mycelium around - in soil, wood, dung or whatever the sporocarp is growing from.