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Recent pteridophyte name changes

Jim Croft ( jim.croft@environment.gov.au )

This resource is being compiled and provided as guide to to recent changes in nomenclature and taxonomy of Australian ferns and their allies. It is not exhaustive, but is provided to assist users who are not in constant contact with the literature of pteridophytes keep up with contemporary pteridological thought and to help them find the taxa they are interested in.

It is intended that this list will cover the approximate period of the decade from 1990 onwards. However, significant changes or changes that have major impacts that were proposed before this date will also be included.

Why plants change their names

Botanists change the names they use for plants for a number of reasons as their knowledge of species and their relationships to each other increases as a result of research and new scientific methods being applied to research.

While this may be confusing and even irritating to users, it is considered a process of continual improvement and is tightly controlled by the botanical community through the rules and administrative procedures of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. The rules cover how and under what circumstances names should be created and changed, and which names can be used and which names can not.

New names come into existence as botanists discover new species or recognize new species among older collections. In the past, botanists working in different parts of the world may have applied different names to what eventually turn out to be the same species. One of the fundamental principles of the Code is that a taxon can have only one name. As these problems are resolved, the names applied to species may change if a name used in one area must be be replaced by that used in another.

Another the fundamental principles of the Code is that where a number of names are available for the same taxon, the oldest name has priority and must be used. Thus in the process of a revision botanists may find an earlier name that had been overlooked and this name must be used, even if there is another name for the taxon that had previous wide acceptance.

Another source of changed names results from improvements in understanding of the limits of taxa as a result of research an new information. Large, complex or polymorphic taxa may be divided into a number of smaller, simpler and more uniform taxa ('splitting'), or a number of very similar or closely related taxa may be merged or coalesced ('lumping'). Either may result in a plant species moving from one genus to another and thus having to change its genus name.

Synonyms are plant names that apply to an accepted taxon name. Nomenclatural synonyms are based on the same type specimen as the accepted species, and mostly share the same specific epithet as the accepted species name but have different genus names. Taxonomic synonyms are based on different type specimens, nearly always have different species epithets to the accepted species name and may or may not be in the same genus.

Name changes in Australian Pteridophytes

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Synonyms and other obsolete or deprecated names are in italics.

Old name New name Date Comments Reference
A
Actinostachys Actinostachys 1998 Species of this genus were previously considered part of Schizaea Chinnock 1998
Abacopteris aspera = Pronephrium asperum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Adiantaceae incl.
Hemionitidadceae
Sinopteridaceae
Taenitidaceae
1998 There is a trend treat the Adiantaceae as inclusive of a number of related genera and sometimes as part of an expanded Pteridaceae. The alternative is to treat Adiantum the sole genus in this family, and recognise several other families for the other genera. Ceratopteris, the sole genus of the Parkeriaceae is sometme included in Adianataceae. Bostock 1998
Adiantum cunninghamii in Australia = Adantum silvaticum 1998 Misinterpretation. Bostock 1998
Allantodia = Diplazium 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Jones 1998
Allantodia australe = Dipazium australis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Alsophila = Cyathea 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila australis = Cyathea australis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila baileyana = Cyathea baileyana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila cunninghamii = Cyathea cunninghamii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila leichardtiana = Cyathea leichardtiana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila marcescens = Cyathea X marcescens 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila rebeccae = Cyathea rebeccae 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila robertsiana = Cyathea robertsiana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Alsophila woolsiana = Cyathea woolsiana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Angiopteridaceae = Marattiaceae 1998 Past authors have recognized separate families for each of the marattioid genera; while morphologically quite distinct, recognition a the family level is probably not warranted. Camus 1998
Antrophyum reticulatum in Australia = Antrophyum callifolium 1998 Misinterpretation. Jones 1998
Apteropteris = Sphaerocionium 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of two related genera. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Apteropteris applanta = Sphaerocionium applanatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Arachniodes hasseltii = Dryopteris hasseltii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Aspidiaceae = Dryopteridaceae 1998 The family name Aspidiaceae is is an earlier name but invalid because it is based on the invalid genus name, Aspidium. Jones 1998
Asplenium Asplenium 1998 Some modern authors include Pleurosorus as a subgenus of Asplenium. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium adiantoides = Asplenium polyodon 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium falcatum = Asplenium polyodon 1998 Illegitimate name. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium macilwraithense = Asplenium laserpitiifolium 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium obtusatum var. difforme = Asplenium difforme 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium subglandulosum = Pleurosorus subglandulosus 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium tenerumoides = Asplenium tenerum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Brownsey 1998
Asplenium terrestre = Asplenium appendiculatum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Brownsey 1998
Athyriaceae incl:
Woodsiaceae
1998 If this family is treated in the broad sense, encompassing northern and New World genera, the earliest available name is Woodsiaceae. All Australasian genera are Athyrioid. The gereric limits in this family are not not always obvious and are in need or further study. Jones 1998
Athyriopsis = Deparia 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Some modern authors chose not to recognize the amalgamation of four similar and obviusly related genera into Deparia. Jones 1998
Athyriopsis japonica = Deparia petersenii subsp. congrua 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Jones 1998
Athyrium = Diplazium or Deparia in Australia 1998 This generic name has been used in Australia, but modern treatments consider the genus to be northern and extra-Australian. Australian species that have been assigned to Athyrium in the past, but they are now considered to be Diplazium or Deparia. Jones 1998
Athyrium australe = Diplazium austale 1998 nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
B
Blechnum alpinum = Blechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Bolbitis neglecta = Pteridoblechnum neglectum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
C
Calochlaena incl.
Culcita in Australasia
1998 Split of the genus Culcita. Old world species not related to type species. Jones 1998
Calymmodon cucculatus in Australia = Calymmodon luerssenianus 1998 Misinterpretation. Parris 1998
Cephalomanes incl.
Macroglena
Selenodesmium
1998 Amalgamation of several related genera with Cephalomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Ceratopteris Ceratopteris 1998 Sometimes included in the family Adiantaceae but considered by most authors to be sufficiently distinct to warrant its own family, Parkeriaceae. Bostock 1998
Ceratopteris cornuta in Australia = Ceratopteris thalictroides 1998 Misinterpretation. Bostock 1998
Cheilanthes caudata var. tenuissima = Cheilanthes nitida 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Cheilanthes cavernicola = Cheilanthes pumilio 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Cheilanthes dunlopii = Cheilanthes pumilio 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Cheilanthes pinnatifida = Cheilanthes caudata 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Cheilanthes pseudovellea = Cheilanthes sieberi subsp. pseudovellea 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Cheilanthes tenuifolia in southern Australia = Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia 1998 Distinct disjunct species. Name sometimes also misapplied to specimens of Cheilanthes sieberi. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Cheilanthes tenuissima = Cheilanthes nitida 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Colysis Colysis 1998 Colysis with elongate and distinct sori considered in a recent treatment to be congeneric with Leptochilus, which is distinguised by conracted and acrostichoid sori. If the the two genera are treated as one, the older name Leptochilus has priority over Colysis. Both are very close to Microsorum Bostock & Spokes 1998
Coveniella Coveniella 1998 An Australian endemic genus, erected to accomodate a species from NE Queensland, previously considered to be a Dryoteris. Jones 1998
Craspedoneuron = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonyn. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Craspedoneuron pallidum = Crepidomanes pallidum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Craspedophyllum = Hymenophyllum 1998 Taxonomic Synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Hymenophyllum in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Craspedophyllum marginatum = Hymenophyllum marginatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidomanes incl.
Craspedoneuron
Crepidophyllum
Crepidopteris
Gonocormus
Microtrichomanes
Pleuromanes
Polyphlebium
Reediella
Vandenboschia
1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidomanes australiensis = Crepidomanes kurzii 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidophyllum = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidophyllum australiense = Crepidomanes kurzii 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidophyllum endlicheranum = Crepidomanes endlicherianum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidophyllum wildii = Crepidomanes humile 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidopteris = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidopteris endlicheranum = Crepidomanes endlicherianum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crepidopteris wildii = Crepidomanes humile 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Crypsinus incl.
Phymatopteris
1998 In some recent treatments included in Selliguea with a number of smaller related genera from outside Australasia. While the Australian species is clearly Crypsinus, some of the extra-Australian species are more equivocal. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Ctenopteris Ctenopteris 1998 When taking into account extra-Austalasian species, the boundaries between Grammitis, Ctenopteris and Prosaptia are not as clear cut as when only the Australian sspecies are considered. Parris 1998
Ctenopteris contigua = Prosaptia contigua 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Parris 1998
Ctenopteris fuscopilosa = Prosaptia fuscopilosa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Parris 1998
Ctenopteris maidenii = Prosaptia maidenii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Parris 1998
Ctenopteris repandula in Australia = Ctenopteris walleri 1998 Misinterpretation. Parris 1998
Culcita in Australasia = Calochlaena 1998 Split of the genus Culcita. Old world species not related to type species. Jones 1998
Culcitaceae = Dicksoniaceae 1998 Segregate family of Dicksoniaceae. The Australian genus Calochlaena does not fit well there and further research is need to clarify the placement of this and other satellite families. Jones 1998
Culcita dubia = Calochlaena dubia 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Culcita villosa = Calochlaena villosa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Cyathea incl.
Alsophila
Sphaeropteris
1998 Taxonomic synonyms. Cyathea treated in the broad sense. Bostock 1998
Cyatheaceae Cyatheaceae 1998 Major differences exist bewteen Old World and New World botanists in their treatment of cyatheoid tree ferns, the former preferring to treat Cyathea as a single genus with a number of subgenera, the later as a number of seperate genera including Alsophila, Sphaeropteris, etc. Modern Australian treatments have considered Cyathea in the broad sense. Bostock 1998
Cyclosorus arida = Christella arida 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Cyclosorus dentatus = Christella dentata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Cyclosorus parasiticus = Christella parasitica 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Cyclosorus penningera = Pneumatopteris penningera 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Cyclososrus truncatus in Australia = Pneumatopteris sogerensis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Cyclosorus unitus = Sphaerostephanos unitus 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Cyrtomium incl.
Phanerophlebia
1998 The New World species of Cyrtomium, of which the naturalized Australian species is a representative, are often segregated into a separate genus, Phanerophlebia on the basis of different venation patterns; however, this character is variable. Jones 1998
Cystopteris felix-fragilis in Australia = Cystopteris tasmanica 1998 Misinterpretation. Jones 1998
Cystopteris fragilis in Australia = Cystopteris tasmanica 1998 Misinterpretation. Jones 1998
D
Davallia incl.
Humata
Scyphularia
1998 Combination of several genera to accommodate a number of intermediate or difficult to place species. Bell 1998
Davalliaceae Davalliaceae 1998 In the narrow sense a family of Davallia and related genera. Rumohra is somtimes included in this family but the placement is difficult because the genus shares characters other the otherwise quite unrelated Davalliaceae (frond form and climbing eiphytic habit) and Dryopteridaceae (medial sorus with a peltate indusium); modern authors place the genus in either family; on balance, it sits more comfortably in the Dyropteridaceae. The related genera of Oleandra, Nephrolepis and Arthropteris are very commonly placed in their own family, Oleandraceae. Bell 1998; Jones 1998
Davallia pyxidata = Davallia solida var. pyxidata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bell 1998
Davallia solida = Davallia solida var solida 1998 Autonym. Created by Davallia solida var. pyxidata. Bell 1998
Dennstaedtiaceae incl.
Hypolepidaceae
1998 This family is treated in a variety of ways by different authors. In the broad sense it includes Lindsaeaceae, in a narrow sense it excludes genera related to Hypolepis and Pteridium in a separate family, Hypolepidaceae. The middle ground of excluding Lindsaea and related genera but including Hypolepis and related genera is most common, but is by no means universal. Brownsey 1998
Deparia incl:
Athyriopsis
Dryoathyrium
Lunathyrium
1998 While a simplification at the generic level, some modern authors continue to use either of the three generic synonyms. Jones 1998
Dicksoniaceae Dicksoniaceae 1998 Some authors have chosen a narrower circumscription of this family, excluding genera such as Calochlaena and Culcita. This may or may not be justified; more research is needed in these genera. In the past, dicksonioid genera were treated as part of an expanded Cyatheaceae. Jones 1998
Didymoglossum = Trichomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym Bostock & Spokes 1998
Didymogloss exiguum = Trichomanes exiguum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Diplazium accedens incl.
Allantodia
Athyrium
in Australia
1998 The taxonomy of genera in Athryiaceae has been neither clear nor stable. Most species of Diplazium also have name in Athyrium, however the latter is now considered to be extra-Australian in distribution. Jones 1998
Diplazium accedens = Callipteris prolifera 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Jones 1998
Diplazium proliferum = Callipteris prolifera 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Diplazium sylvaticum in Australia = Diplazium dameriae 1998 Misinterpretation. Jones 1998
Dipteridaceae Dipteridaceae 1998 Dipteris is placed in its own family. Often treated aspart of Polypodiaceae because of some superficial similarities, bit us quite anomalous there. Bostock 1998
Doodia aspera var. caudata = Doodia caudata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Parris 1998
Doodia caudata var. media = Doodia media 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Parris 1998
Doodia media subsp. australis = Doodia australis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Parris 1998
Dryoathyrium = Deparia 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Some modern authors chose not to recognize the amalgamation of four similar and obviusly related genera into Deparia. Jones 1998
Dryopteridaceae incl.
Aspidiaceae
Hypoderriaceae
1998 The family name Aspidiaceae is invalid being based on the invalid genus name, Aspidium. Some earlier treatments chose to recognize segregate familes Dryopteridaceae for genera related to Dryopteris and Polystichum and Hypoderriaceae for genera related to Tectaria. Rumohra is included in this family but the placement is difficult because the genus shares characters other the otherwise quite unrelated Davalliaceae (frond form and climbing eiphytic habit) and Dryopteridaceae (medial sorus with a peltate indusium); modern authors place the genus in either family. On balance, it sits more comfortably in the Dyropteridaceae. Jones 1998
Dryopteris poecilophlebia = Coveniella poecilophlebia 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. An Australian endemic genus, erected to accomodate a species from NE Queensland, previously considered to be a Dryoteris. Jones 1998
E
F
G
Gleicheniaceae Gleicheniaceae 1998 Near all modern Australian treatments have recognized the generic distinctness of Gleichenia, Sticherus and Diplopterygium. Some overseas treatment merge these genera dn recognize the distinction at a subgeneric level. The distinctness of Dicranopteris is almost universaly recognized. Chinnock & Bell 1998
Gleichenia longissima = Diplopterygium longissimum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chinnock & Bell 1998
Gleichenia milnei = Sticherus milnei 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chinnock & Bell 1998
Goniophlebium incl.Schellolepis 1998 Considered by some to be doubfuly distict from Polypodium but Old World botanists have been reasonably consistent in keeping it separate. The most revision removes the New World species but included the doubtful degrate, Schellolepis. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Goniophlebium verrucosum = Goniophlebium percussum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Gonocormus = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonyn. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Gonocormus minutus = Crepidomanes proliferum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Gonocormus prolifer = Crepidomanes proliferum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Gonocormus saxifragoides = Crepidomanes saxifragoides 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Grammitidaceae Grammitidaceae 1998 As a family, quite distinct. However, there are problems with the circumscriptions and limits of some of the genera and further study is required. Parris 1998
Grammitis Grammitis 1998 When taking into account extra-Austalasian species, the boundaries between Grammitis, Ctenopteris and Prosaptia are not as clear cut as when only the Australian sspecies are considered. Parris 1998
Grammitis armstronii = Grammitis poeppigiana 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Parris 1998
Grammitis meridionalis = Grammitis billardieri 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Parris 1998
H
Hemicyatheon = Hymenophyllum 1998 Taxonomic Synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Hymenophyllum in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Hemicyatheon baileyanum = Hymenophyllum baileyanum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Hemionitidaceae = Adiantaceae 1998 There is a trend treat the Adiantaceae as inclusive of a number of related genera. The alternative is to treat Adiantum the sole genus in this family, and recognise several other families for the other genera. Bostock 1998
Humata = Davallia 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Combination of several genera to accommodate a number of intermediate or difficult to place species. Bell 1998
Humata pectinata = Davallia pectinata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bell 1998
Humata repens = Davallia repens 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bell 1998
Hymenophyllaceae Hymenophyllaceae 1998 There is much disagreement among botanists about how many genera should be recognized in Hymenophyllaceae, the number varying from 2 to over 30. The most recent reatment for Australia lists 5 genera. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Hymenophyllum incl.
Craspedophyllum
Hemicyatheon
Mecodium
Meringium
1998 Amalgamation of several related genera with Hymenophyllum in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Hymenophyllum babindae = Hymenophyllum subdimidiatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Hymenophyllum contiguum = Hymenophyllum polyanthon var. contiguum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Hypoderriaceae = Dryopteridaceae 1998 Some earlier treatments chose to recognize segregate familes Dryopteridaceae for genera related to Dryopteris and Polystichum and Hypoderriaceae for genera related to Tectaria. Jones 1998
Hypolepidaceae = Denstaedtiaceae 1998 Genera related to Hypolepis and Pteridium are sometime seggregated in a separate family, Hypolepidaceae. Including Hypolepis and related genera in Dennstaedtiaceae is a common approach, but is by no means universal. Brownsey 1998
Hypolepis punctata of various authors = Hypolepis glandulifera 1998 Misinterpretation. Brownsey 1998
I
Isoetes drummondii var. anomala = Isoetes drummondii subsp. anomala 1991 Nomenclatural synonym; change in rank Chinnock 1998
J
K
L
Lastreopsis shepherdii = Lastreopsis acuminata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Lecanopteris incl:
Myrmecophila
Myrmecopteris
1998 Ant ferns; very close to Microsorum Bostock & Spokes 1998
Leptochilus Leptochilus 1998 Australian species considered to be n the genus Colysis. Colysis with elongate and distinct sori considered in a recent treatment to be congeneric with Leptochilus, which is distinguised by conracted and acrostichoid sori. If the the two genera are treated as one, the older name Leptochilus has priority over Colysis. Both are very close to Microsorum Bostock & Spokes 1998
Leptochilus acuminatus = Pteridoblechnum acuminatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Leptochilus amplus Colysis ampla 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Leptochilus neglectus = Pteridoblechnum neglectum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Leptopteris Leptopteris 1998 The characters traditionally used to separate species are very variable and the boundaries between Leptopteris frazeri (Australia), Leptopteris wilkesiana (Pacific) and Leptopteris alpina (New Guinea) are not well defined. Chinnock (1998) suggests that further research may reveal more than one species within the Australian collections. Chinnock 1998
Lindsaeaceae Lindsaeaceae 1998 This group of genera in this family are treated in a variety of ways by different authors, sometimes combined with Dennstaedtiaceae as a subfamily. Brownsey 1998
Lunathyrium = Deparia 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Some modern authors chose not to recognize the amalgamation of four similar and obviusly related genera into Deparia. Jones 1998
Lunathurium japonicum = Deparia petersenii subsp. congrua 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Jones 1998
Lycopodium Huperzia
Lycopodiella
Lycopodium
1998 The variability of Lycopodium has been accommodated by dividing the genus into three separate genera on the basis stem and strobilis morphology. This is still not universal but is gaining wider acceptance in Australia. Other views consider the species in a single genus, others in as many as 12 genera. Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium australianum = Huperzia australiana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium carinatum = Huperzia carinata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium cernuum Lycopodiella cernua 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium dalhousieanum = Huperzia dalhousieana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium diffusum = Lycopodiella diffusa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium filiforme = Huperzia filiformis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium laterale = Lyopodiella lateralis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium lockleri = Huperzia lockyeri 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium marsupiiforme = Hurperzia marsupiiformis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium phlegmaria = Huperzia phlegmaria 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium phlegmarioides = Huperzia phlegmarioides 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium proliferum = Huperzia prolifera 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium serpentinum = Lycopodiella serpentina 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium serratum = Huperzia serrata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium squarosum = Huperzia squarrosa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
Lycopodium varium = Huperzia varia 1998 Nomenclatural synonym Chinnock 1998
M
Macroglena = Cephalomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Cephalomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Macroglena brasii = Cephalomanes brassii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Macroglena caudata = Cephalomanes caudata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Marattia salicina on mainland Australia = Marattia oreades 1998 Misinterpretation, misidentification. Marattia salicina occurs on Lord Howe Island. Camus 1998
Mecodium = Hymenophyllum 1998 Taxonomic Synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Hymenophyllum in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium australe = Hymenophyllum australe 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium flabellatum = Hymenophyllum flabellatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium contiguum = Hymenophyllum polyanthon var. contiguum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium javanicum = Hymenophyllum javanicum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium rarum = Hymenophyllum rarum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium samoense = Hymenophyllum samoense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium walleri = Hymenophyllum walleri 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Mecodium whitei = Hymenophyllum whitei 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Meringium = Hymenophyllum 1998 Taxonomic Synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Hymenophyllum in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Meringium bivalve = Hymenophyllum bivalve 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Meringium kerianum = Hymenophyllum kerianum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Meringium loblii = Hymenophyllum lobbii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microgonium = Trichomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microgonium bimarginatum = Trichomanes bimarginatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microgonium mindorense = Trichomanes mindorense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microgonium motleyi = Trichomanes motleyi 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microgonium omphalodes = Trichomanes tahitense 1998 Illegitimate name. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microgonium tahitense = Trichomanes tahitense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microschizaea = Schizaea 1998 A segregate of Schizaea; the segregation of the small unbranched species into Microschizaea is not widely accepted. Chinnock 1998
Microschizaea fistulosa = Schizaea fistulosa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chinnock 1998
Microschizaea rupestris = Schizaea rupestris 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chinnock 1998
Microsorium = Microsorum 1998 Nomeclatural synonym. Orthography. Bostock 1998e
Microsorum incl.
Microsorium
Phymatodes
Phymatosorus
1998 Orthography. Phymatosorus was recognized to accommodate species with large regularly spaced coenosori, but such a distinction is not always consistent. A combination of the genera into one accommodates intermediate and difficult to distinguish species and hybidism species of the two supposed genera. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microsorum diversifolium = Microsorum pustulatum 1998 taxonomic synonym. Conspecific with New Zealand species. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microtrichomanes = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microtrichomanes digitatum = Crepidomanes digitatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Microtrichomanes vitiencse = Crepidomanes vitiense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Myrmecophila = Lecanopteris 1998 Ant ferns; very close to Microsorum Bostock & Spokes 1998
Myrmecoperis = Lecanopteris 1998 Ant ferns; very close to Microsorum Bostock & Spokes 1998
Myrmecoteris sinuosa = Lecanopteris sinuosa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
N
O
Oenotrichia ? in Australia 1998 Oenotrichia is considered to endemic to New Caledonia and the Australian species assigned to that genus do not blong there, nor perhaps even in the Dennstaedtiaceae at all. Brownsey (1998) suggests th genus Australian species belong a genus with affinities to Ctenits and Lastreopsis in the Dryopteridaceae. Brownsey 1998
Oleandraceae Oleandraceae 1998 Sometimes included in the family Davalliaceae with Davallia and related genera. Oleandra, Nephrolepis and Arthropteris are quite distinct probably merit a separate family. Bell 1998
Ophioderma = Ophioglossum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Covers teh basically pendulous and epiphytic species. Recognized as a subgenus Chinnock 1998
Ophioglosum nudicaule incl.
Ophioderma
1998 Erected to accommodate a group of basically epiphytic and pendulous species, Ophioderma is rarely used as a genus these days, being treated mainly at the subgeneric level. Chinnock 1998
Ophioglosum coriaceum = Ophioglossum lusitanicum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chinnock 1998
Ophioglosum nudicaule in Australia = Ophioglossum lusitanicum 1998 Misinterpretation, misidentification. Chinnock 1998
Ophioglosum petiolatum = Ophioglossum reticulatum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Chinnock 1998
P
Parkeriaceae Parkeriaceae 1998 The sole genus in this family, Ceratopteris, is sometimes included in the Adiantaceae but most treatments regard it as being separate. Bostock, 1998
Phanerophlebia = Cyrtomium 1998 The New World species of Cyrtomium, of which the naturalized Australian species is a representative, are often segregated into a separate genus, Phanerophlebia on the basis of different venation patterns; however, this character is variable. Jones 1998
Phanerophlebia falcata = Cyrtomium falcatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Jones 1998
Phymatodes diversifolia = Microsorum pustulatum 1998 taxonomic synonym. Conspecific with New Zealand species. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatodes scandens = Microsorum scolopendria 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatodes scolopendria = Microsorum scolopendria 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatodes sinuosa = Lecanopteris sinuosa 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatopteris = Crypsinus 1998 In some recent treatments included in Selliguea with a number of smaller related genera from outside Australasia. While the Australian species is clearly Crypsinus, some of the extra-Australian species are more equivocal. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatopteris simplissima = Crypsinus simplissimus 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatosorus = Microsorum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. A genus created to accommodate species with large regularly spaced coenosori, the distinction is not always clear and consistent and hybidism is known between species of the two supposed genera. Bostock 1998
Phymatosorus grossus = Microsorum grossum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatosorus nigrescens = Microsorum membranifolium 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatosorus pustulatus = Microsorum pustulatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatosorus scandens = Microsorum scandens 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Phymatosorus scolopendria = Microsorum scolopendria 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Platycerium bifurcatum var. hillii = Platycerium hillii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Platycerium bifurcatum var. veitchii = Platycerium veitchii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Platyzomataceae Platyzomataceae 1998 Platyzoma is placed in its own family. Previously treated in Gleicheniaceae because of superficial similarity of the roundish strongly revolute pinnae with the pinnules of some species of Gleichenia. The genus uas been placed in a range of families relatedto Adiantaceae and Pteridaceae in the broader senses. Chinnock 1998
Pleuromanes = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Pleuromanes pallidum = Crepidomanes pallidum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Pleurosorus Pleurosorus 1998 Some modern authors include Pleurosorus as a subgenus of Asplenium. Brownsey 1998
Polyphlebium = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Polyphlebium venosum = Crepidomanes venosum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Polypodiaceae incl.
Drynariaceae
Loxogrammaceae
Platyceriaceae
1998 As a family, quite distinct. Dipteris has been included in the past but is now considered to belong its own family, Dipteridaceae. Grammitidaceae has been included in Polypodiaceae in the past, but rarely in modern treatments. The boundaries of several genera (mostly extra-Australasian) are unclear and are treated in various ways by different authors. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Polystichum fragile =Revwattsia fragile 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. An Australian endemic genus, erected to accomodate a species from NE Queensland, previously considered to be a Polystichum. Jones 1998
Prosaptia Prosaptia 1998 When taking into account extra-Austalasian species, the boundaries between Grammitis, Ctenopteris and Prosaptia are not as clear cut as when only the Australian sspecies are considered. Parris 1998
Psilotaceae incl.
Psilotaceae
1998 Because or the distinctive leafy nature of Tmesipteris and its 2-celled synangia, some authors place it its own family. Chinnock 1998
Pteridoblechnum incl.
Steenisioblechnum
1998 A genus that proved difficult to recognize or resolve, but is now reasonably stable. Steenisioblechnum is not considered sufficiently distinct to warrantrecognition at the generic level. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Pyrrosia adnascens = Pyrossia lanceolata 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Pyrrosia dielsii = Pyrossia confluens var. dielsii 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Q
R
Reediella = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Reediella australiense = Crepidomanes kurzii 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Reediella endlicherana = Crepidomanes endlicherianum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Reediella humilis = Crepidomanes humile 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Reediella wildii = Crepidomanes humile 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Revwattsia Revwattsia 1998 An Australian endemic genus, erected to accomodate a species from NE Queensland, previously considered to be a Dryopteris. Jones 1998
Rumohra Rumohra 1998 Placement of Rumohra in a family is difficult because the genus shares characters other the otherwise quite unrelated Davalliaceae (frond form and climbing eiphytic habit) and Dryopteridaceae (medial sorus with a peltate indusium); modern authors place the genus in either family. On balance, it sits more comfortably in the Dyropteridaceae. Jones 1998; Bell 1998
S
Schellolepis = Goniophlebium 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Schellolepis percussa = Goniophlebium percussum 1998 Nonenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Schellolepis verrucosa = Goniophlebium percussum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Schellolepis subauriculata = Goniophlebium subauriculatum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Schizaeaceae Schizaeaceae
Lygodiaceae
1998 Lygodium separated from remainder of Schizaeaceae into its own family, Lygodiaceae, on the basis of its very distinctive climbing habit and frond morphology. Not all authors choose to follow this arrangement. Chinnock 1998
Schizaea Actinostachys
Schizaea (incl. Microschizaea)
1998 A division of the genus Schizaea into two genera (Schizaea & Actinostachys) on the basis of pinnate vs. digitate arrangement of the sporangia bearing segments. The two groups are quite distinct, but some authors chose to recognize the distinction at a subgeneric level. The segregation of the small unbranched species into Microschizaea is not widely accepted. Chinnock
Schizaea digitata = Actinostachys digitata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chinnock 1998
Schizaea wagneri = Actinostachys wagneri 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chinnock 1998
Scyphularia = Davallia 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Combination of several genera to accommodate a number of intermediate or difficult to place species. Bell 1998
Selenodesmium = Cephalomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Cephalomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Selenodesmium elongatum = Cephalomanes obscurum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Selenodesmium obscurum = Cephalomanes obscurum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Selliguea Selliguea 1998 In some recent treatments includes Crypsinus with a number of smaller related genera from outside Australasia. While the Australian species is clearly Crypsinus, some of the extra-Australian species are more equivocal. Bostock, 1998
Sinopteridaceae = Adiantaceae 1998 There is a trend treat the Adiantaceae as inclusive of a number of related genera. The alternative is to treat Adiantum the sole genus in this family, and recognise several other families for the other genera. Bostock, 1998
Sphaerocionium incl.
Apteropteris<
1998 Amalgamation of two related genera. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Sphaerocionium australe = Hymenophyllum australe 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Sphaerocionium bivalve = Hymenophyllum bivalve 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Sphaeropteris = Cyathea 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock 1998
Sphaeropteris celebica = Cyathea celebica 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Sphaeropteris concinna = Cyathea felina 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock 1998
Sphaeropteris cooperi = Cyathea cooperi 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Sphaeropteris felina = Cyathea felina 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Steenisioblechnum = Pteridoblechnum 1998 A genus on the basis of venation and spore morphology. Shares many charaters with Pteridoblechnum. Chambers & Farrant 1998
Steenisioblechnum acuminatum = Pteridoblechnum acuminatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Chambers & Farrant 1998
T
Taenitidaceae = Adiantaceae 1998 There is a trend treat the Adiantaceae as inclusive of a number of related genera. The alternative is to treat Adiantum the sole genus in this family, and recognise several other families for the other genera. Bostock, 1998
Tectara muelleri = Tectaria confluens 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteridaceae Theypteridaceae 1998 Major differences exist bewteen Old World and New World botanists in their treatment of the genera of Thelypteridaceae, the former preferring to recognize an number of genera, the later often treating them all as Thelypteris. Modern Australian treatments have adopted the multiple genera of Holttum (1981). Bostock 1998; Holttum 1981
Thelypteris arida = Christella arida 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris aspera = Pronephrium asperum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris costata = Pneumatopteris costata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris dentata = Christella dentata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris heterocarpa = Sphaerostephanos heterocarpus 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris hispidula = Christella hispidula 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris immersa = Amphineuron immersum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris interrupta = Cyclosorus interruptus 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris opulenta = Amphineuron opulentum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris parasitica = Christella parasitica 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris penningera = Pneumatopteris penningera 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris prolifera = Ampelopteris prolifera 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris sogerensis = Pneumatopteris sogerensis 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris subpubescens = Christella subpubescens 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris terminans = Amphineuron terminas 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris torresiana = Macrothelypteris torresiana 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris triphylla = Pronephrium tripyllum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Thelypteris tuberculata = Plesioneuron tuberculatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock 1998
Tmesipteridaceae = Psilotaceae 1998 Because or the distinctive leafy nature of Tmesipteris and its 2-celled synangia, some authors place it its own family. Chinnock 1998
Tmesipteris billardierei = Tmesipteris obliqua 1998 Taxonomic synonym, illegitimate name Chinnock 1998
Trichomanes incl.
Didymoglossum
Microgonium
1998 Taxonomic synonym Bostock & spokes 1998
Trichomanes aphlebioides = Crepidomanes aphlebioides 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes atrovirens = Cephalomanes atrovirens 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes barnardianum = Crepidomanes barnardianum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes caudata = Cephalomanes caudata 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes digitatum = Crepidomanes digitatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes bipunctatum = Crepidomanes bipunctatum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes endlicheranum = Crepidomanes endlicherianum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes humile = Crepidomanes humile 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes johnstonensis = Crepidomanes johnstonense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes kurzii = Crepidomanes kurzii 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes majoriae = Crepidomanes majoriae 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes obscurum = Cephalomanes obscurum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes pallidum = Crepidomanes pallidum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes peltatum = Trichomanes tahitense 1998 Illegitimate name. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes prolifera = Crepidomanes proliferum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes saxifragoides = Crepidomanes saxifragoides 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes venosum = Crepidomanes venosum 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes venulosum = Crepidomanes bipunctatum 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomes vitiense = Crepidomanes vitiense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes walleri = Crepidomanes walleri 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Trichomanes wildii = Crepidomanes humile 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
U
V
Vandenboschia = Crepidomanes 1998 Taxonomic synonym. Amalgamation of several related genera with Crepidomanes in a broader sense. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Vandenboschia aphlebioides = Crepidomanes aphlebioides 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
Vandenboschia johnstonensis = Crepidomanes johnstonense 1998 Nomenclatural synonym. Bostock & Spokes 1998
W
Woodsiaceae = Athyriaceae 1998 If this family is treated in the broad sense, encompassing northern and New World genera, the earliest available name is Woodsiaceae. All Australasian genera are Athyrioid. The gereric limits in this family are not not always obvious and are in need or further study. Jones 1998
X
Y
Z

Old Name: The old or previous name of a species or group of species was known as. The name that has been superceded in modern floras and taxonomic treatments. Taxa that have not changed in name but have changed in circumscription (i.e. by spliting or lumping) will also be listed here. There will be only one species, genus or family name in this column.

New Name: The new or currently preferred name (or names) of a species or group of species. The name that supercedes older names in modern floras and taxonomic treatments. Where species, genera or families have been lumped, there will be only one name in this column; where a species, genus, family has been split there will be two or more names in this column.

Date:. A date at which this chang in name or taxonomic status was reported or taken up. Often, but not necessarily the date of publication of the reference. Often, but not necessarily, the date on which such an arrangement was first proposed. Often, but not necesarily, the date in which the name was first used in Australia.

Comments: General and explanatory comments about the name change or change in taxonomic status. Points or controversy or disagreement amoung botanists can be mentioned here.

Reference: Reference or references supporting this change of name or change of status. Usually a modern flora treatment or taxonomic revision. Often, but not necessarily, the latest such work.

References

The following reference list is not exhaustive and generally refers to post 1999 literature that will serve as a link to earlier works.

Andrews, S.B. 1990. Ferns of Queensland. A handbook to the ferns and fern allies. Queensland Dept. Primar Industries, Brisbane.

Bell, G.H. 1998. Davalliaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 434 - 450.

Bostock, P.D. 1998. Adiantaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 248 - 286. (Cheilanthes by Chambers, T.C. & Farrant, P.A.: 271 - 286.)

Bostock, P.D. 1998. Dipteridaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 164 - 165.

Bostock, P.D. 1998. Parkeriaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 287 - 288.

Bostock, P.D. 1998. Tectaria. Fl. Australia 48: 394 - 398

Bostock, P.D. 1998. Thelypteridaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 327 - 358.

Bostock, P.D. & Spokes, T.M. 1998. Hymenophyllaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 116 - 148.

Bostock, P.D. & Spokes, T.M. 1998. Polypodiaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 468 - 495.

Brownsey, P.J. 1998. Dennstaedtiaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 214 - 228.

Brownsey, P.J. 1998. Aspleniaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 295 - 327.

Brownsey, P.J. 1998. Incertae sedis. Fl. Australia 48: 496 ('Oenotrichia').

Camus, J.M. 1998. Marattiaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 109 - 112.

Chambers, T.C. & Farrant, P.A. 1998. Blechnaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 248 - 286. (Doodia by Parris, B.S.: 385 - 393.)

Chambers, T.C. & Farrant, P.A. 1998. Cheilanthes. Fl. Australia 48: 271 - 286.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Azollaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 174 - 177.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Equisetaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 97 - 98.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Isoetaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 55 - 65.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Lycopodiaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 66 - 85.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Lygodiaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 183 - 187.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Ophioglossaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 99 - 109.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Osmundaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 99 - 109.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Psilotaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 112 - 115.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Platyzomataceae. Fl. Australia 48: 162 - 164.

Chinnock, R.J. 1998. Schizaeaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 177 - 183.

Chinnock, R.J. & Bell. G.H. 1998. Gleicheniaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 148 - 162.

Duncan, B.D. & Isaac, G. 1986. Ferns and allied plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia. Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoia.

Entwhistle, T.J. 1996. Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). Fl. Victoria. 2: 13 - 111.

Garrett, M. 1996. The ferns of Tasmania: their ecology and distribution. Tasmanian Forest Research Council. Hobart

Harden, G.J. 1996. Sphenopsida. Fl. New South Wales. 1: 11 - 12.

Holttum, R.E. 1996. Thelypteridaceae. Fl. Malesiana ser. 2 1: 331 - 560.

Jermy,A.C & Holmes, J.S. 1998. Sellaginellaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 85 - 95.

Jones, D.L. 1998. Athyriaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 418 - 429.

Jones, D.L. 1998. Culcitaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 191 - 193.

Jones, D.L. 1998. Dicksoniaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 187 - 191.

Jones, D.L. 1998. Dryopteridaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 393 - 418. (Tectaria by Bostock, P.D.: 394 - 398.)

Jones, D.L. 1998. Lomariopsidaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 429 - 434.

Jones, D.L. 1998. Marsileaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 166 - 173.

Jones, D.L. 1998. Vittariaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 288 - 295.

Kramer, K.U. & McCarthy. P.M. 1998. Lindsaeaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 228 - 240.

Kramer, K.U. & McCarthy. P.M. 1998. Pteridaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 241 - 248.

Kubitzki, K. (ed.) 1990. The families and genera or vascular plants. Vol. 1. Pteridophytes and gymnosperms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

McCarthy, P.M. 1998. Salviniaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 173 - 174.

Parris, B.S. 1998. Doodia. Fl. Australia 48: 385 - 393.

Fl. Australia 48: 248 - 286. (Doodia by Parris, B.S,: 385 - 393.)

Parris, B.S. 1998. Grammitidaceae. Fl. Australia 48: 450 - 468.

Wilson, P.G. 1996. Psilopsida. Fl. New South Wales. 1: 2 - 4.

Wilson, P.G. 1996. Lycopsida. Fl. New South Wales. 1: 5 - 10.

Wilson, P.G. 1996. Filicopsida. Fl. New South Wales. 1: 13 - 72.