An Australian Government Initiative [logo]
Information about Australia's flora - Ferns of Australia and PNG
ANBG logo
Home > Gardens | CANBR > ferns > Conservation

Pteridopytes of conservation significance in Australia

Introduction Species (E,V,X) Species (all) Definitions Resources References

[ see also: Conservation Status of Norfolk Island Ferns ]

Introduction

The list of Endangered, Vulnerable and Extinct Australian ferns and fern allies have been extracted from the official ANZECC lists of threatened plants, from the Schedules to the Endangered Species Protection Act and from Briggs & Leigh (1996) Rare or Threatened Australian Plants. Notes and links to other resources have been added where appropriate.

The species in this list are considered to be of conservation significance at a national scale and reflects those species covered by national legislation. At state and regional levels, the number of taxa considered to be locally threatened or rare will obviously be much higher.

It is interesting to note that most if not all of the species in this list are from NE Queensland. Some are true local endemics, others are outliers of species that are common in neighbouring regions of Papuasia and the Pacific. A number categorized as 'Extinct' may have been recorded for Australia in error and never have been on the continent at all.

Species considered to be 'Rare' or 'Poorly Known' are also in conservation interest but are not covered by national legislation and have not been included at this stage.

Species of Conservation Significance

Family Genus Species Author States ROTAP ANZECC ESP
Aspleniaceae Asplenium hookerianum Colenso
syn. Asplenium bulbiferum var. hookerianum (Colenso) Rodway
NSW
Vic
Tas
3VC-+   Vuln.
Locality: New South Wales, Mt Kosciuszko. Victoria, Bryces Gorge, Snowy Range. Tasmania, Franklin River; Hellyer Gorge
Notes: Very rare and known from only a few collections in Australia. Common in New Zealand where the species is more polymorphic
Aspleniaceae Asplenium pellucidum Lam. Qld 2VC-+ Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Palmerston Valley.
Notes: Known from a single collection. Also from Madagascar, India, SE Asia and Malesia.
Aspleniaceae Asplenium wildii F.M.Bailey Qld 2V Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Cairns and Daintree River. Endemic.
Notes: Known only from three collections. Very close to and maybe not distinct from the widespread Asplenium unilaterale Lam.
Thelypteridaceae Chingia australis Holttum Qld 2EC- End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, Russell and N Johnstome Rivers.
Notes: Endemic. Three localities. Forms impressive stands but population probably fewer than 1000 individual plants (Bostock 1998).
Grammitidaceae Ctenopteris blechnoides (Grev.) W.H.Wagner & Grether
syn. Grammitis blechnoides Grev.; Polypodium blechnoides (Grev.) Hook.
Qld 2V+ Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Leo Creek, near Coen.
Notes: Known for a single collection. Common in Malesia, New Guinea, Polynesia.
Grammitidaceae Ctenopteris walleri (Maiden & Betche) S.B.Andrews
syn. Polypodium walleri Maiden & Betche
Qld 3V Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Mt Lewis; Mt Spurgeon; Tully Falls
Notes: Endemic. Related to widespread SE Asian and Malesian Ctenopteris repandula (Mett.) C.Chr.
Cyatheaceae Cyathea exilis Holttum Qld 2E End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, Cape York Peninsula.
Notes: Endemic, known only from the type locality. Related to Cyathea macgillivrayi (Baker) Domin from New Guinea.
Athyriaceae
(Woodsiaceae)
Diplazium cordifolium Blume
syn. Asplenium cordifolium (Blume)Copel.
Qld 2V Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Babinda; Jordan Creek; Stoney Creek.
Notes: Common and widespread in New Guinea, Malesia and SE Asia.
Athyriaceae
(Woodsiaceae)
Diplazium pallidum (Blume) T.Moore
syn. Asplenium pallidum Blume; Asplenium prenticei F.M. Bailey; Diplazium pallidum var. prenticei F.M. Bailey;
Qld 2VC-+ End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, Cairns, Herberton, Wooroonooran.
Notes: Also occurs in Malesia.
Grammitidaceae Grammitis reinwardtii Blume Qld 2VC-+ Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Mt Finnegan; Mt Lewis; Mt Spurgeon.
Notes: Common in New Guinea, SE Asia, Malesia and Melanesia.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia carinata (Desv. ex Poir.) Trevis.
syn. Lycopodium carinatum Desv. Ex Poir.
Qld 3EC-+ End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, McIlwraith Range; Leo Creek near Coen; North Johnson; North Pap; Boonjie.
Notes: Widespread from India to Polynesia.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia dalhousieanum (Spring) Trevis.
syn. Lycopodium dalhousieanum Spring; Lycopodium clarae F.M.Bailey
Qld 3EC+ End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, Freshwater Creek, Leo Creek Rd.
Notes: Also known from Indonesia and New Guinea.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia filiformis (Sw.) Holub
syn. Lycopodium filiforme Sw.; Lycopodium polytrichoides Kaulf.
Qld 3EC-+ End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, Atherton Tablelands; Cairns.
Notes: Also known from SE Asia to the Pacific.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia lockyeri (D.L.Jones & B.Gray) Holub
syn. Lycopodium lockyeri D.L.Jones & B.Gray
Qld 3V Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, between Windsor Tableland and Lamb Range.
Notes: Endemic.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia marsupiiformis (D.L.Jones & B.Gray) Holub
syn. Lycopodium marsupiiforme D.L.Jones & B.Gray
Qld 3V Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, between Windsor Tableland and S or Tully River.
Notes: Endemic.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia phlegmarioides (Gaudich.) Rothm.
syn. Lycopodium phlegmarioides Gaudich.; Lycopodium tetrapterygium F.M.Bailey
Qld 3VC Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Qeensland, Johnson River; Cairns; Daintree River; Leo Creek; Wonga Beach.
Notes: Indonesia to the Pacific. Common in New Guinea.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia prolifera (Blume) Trevis.
syn. Lycopodium proliferum Blume
Qld 3VC-+ Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Palmerston, near Tully; Mt Lewis.
Notes: Widespread in southern Asia and Melanesia.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia squarrosa (G.Forst.) Trevis.
syn. Lycopodium squarrosum G.Forst.
Qld 3EC-+ End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, Roots Creek; Mossman River; Mt Bellenden Ker.
Notes: Common in New Guinea. Widespread from Africa through Asia, Malesia to the Pacific.
Lycopodiaceae Huperzia serrata (Thunb. ex Murray) Trevis.
syn. Lycopodium serratum Thumb. Ex Murray
Qld 2XC?+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Mt Bellenden Ker
Notes: Widespread from Asia to the Pacific. Not uncommon in New Guinea. Authentic herbarium material of this species could not be located and its occurrence in Australia is considered doubtful (Chinnock 1998).
Hymenophyllaceae Hymenophyllum lobbii T.Moore
syn. Meringium lobbii (T.Moore) Copel.; Trichomanes serrulatum Baker
Qld 2XCi+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Mt Bellenden Ker.
Notes: Once recorded. Also known from Borneo.
Hymenophyllaceae Hymenophyllum whitei Goy
syn. Mecodium whitei (Goy) N.A.Wakef.
Qld 2RC- Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Thornton Peak.
Notes: Endemic. Known only from the type locality.
Polypodiaceae Lemmaphyllum accedens (Blume) Donk
syn. Polypodium accedens Blume; Weatherbya accedens (Blume) Copel.
Qld 2X+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Lake Eacham near Atherton.
Notes: Once recorded. Also from Malesia to Polynesia. Very common in New Guinea.
Lindsaeaceae Lindsaea pulchella (J.Smith) Kuhn var. blanda (Kuhn) Kramer
syn. Lindsaea blanda Kuhn
Qld 2K+ Vuln. Vuln.
Locality: NE Queensland, Rockinghan, Bay Range.
Notes: This variety is very Common in New Guinea. There are three other varieties, also in New Guinea.
Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium volubile G.Forst. Qld 2X+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, locality unknown.
Notes: Known from a single imprecisely localised collection. Common in New Guinea, and from Malesia to New Caledonia, , New Zealand and the Pacific.
Vittariaceae Monogramma dareicarpa Hook. Qld 2K+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Mt Bellenden Ker.
Notes: Specimens could not be found for this record, not with a search of the recorded locality (Bostock 1998). Not uncommon in New Guinea, also Philippines and Indonesia.
Thelypteridaceae Plesioneuron tuberculatum (Ces.) Holttum
syn. Nephrodium tuberculatum Ces.; Thelypteris tuberculata (Ces.)Ching
Qld 2EC-+ End. End.
Locality: NE Queensland, North Johnstone Rover; Babinda Creek, Russell River.
Notes: Very rare in Australia. Also occurs in New Guinea.
Dryopteridaceae Tectaria devexa (Kunze ex Mett.) Copel. var. devexa
syn. Aspidium devexum Kunze ex Mett.; Aspidium intermedium Mett.
Qld 2E+ End. End.
Locality: Central Coast Queensland, Olsens Caves, N or Rockhampton.
Notes: Known from one locality. Also from Sri Lanka, SE Asia, Malesia and Vanuatu.
Psilotaceae Tmesipteris lanceolata P.A.Dang. Qld 2K+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Mt Bellenden Ker.
Notes: Known from a single specimen, reputedly from Australia. Common in New Caledona and N New Zealand.
Hymenophyllaceae Trichomanes exiguum (Bedd.) Baker
syn. Hymenophyllum exiguum Bedd.; Didymoglossum exiguum (Bedd.) Copel.; Trichomanes paradoxum Domin
Qld 2XCi+ Ext. Ext.
Locality: NE Queensland, Bellenden Ker
Notes: Known from a single collection. Also known from India through Thailand to the Malay Peninsula.

Pteridophytes of Conservation Interest

TaxonCategory, Reference
Adiantum capillus-venerisV,4
Amphineuron immersumK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Amphineuron queenslandicumK,4 ; K,8
Antrophyum plantagineumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Antrophyum sp.1K,4
Antrophyum subfalcatumR,4 ; R,8
Asplenium aethiopicumK,1 ; K,4 ; R,8 ; P4,29
Asplenium athertonenseR,8 ; R,25
Asplenium bicentennialeK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Asplenium excisumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Asplenium hookerianumV,1 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Asplenium macilwraithenseK,8
Asplenium normaleK,4 ; R,8
Asplenium obtusatumV,4 ; V,13 ; VU,29 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; No Code,41
Asplenium pellucidumV,1 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Asplenium sp.1R,4
Asplenium sp.2K,4
Asplenium tenerumoidesK,8
Asplenium unilateraleR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Asplenium wildiiV,1 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; ,40 ; V,41
Blechnum gregsoniiR,4 ; R,8
Cheilanthes nudiusculaK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Cheilanthes sp.1K,4
Chingia australisK,4 ; E,8 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,25 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; EN,43
Crepidomanes aphlebioidesK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Crepidomanes digitatumK,1 ; K,4 ; R,8
Crepidomanes endlicherianumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Crepidomanes majoriaeR,4 ; R,8
Culcita villosaK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Cyathea baileyanaR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Cyathea celebicaR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Cyathea cunninghamiiR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; V,28
Cyathea exilisV,1 ; E,4 ; E,7 ; E,8 ; E,9 ; E,12 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; EN,43
Cyathea felinaR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Diplopterygium longissimumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Dipteris conjugataR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Doodia maximaK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Doryopteris ludensK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Drynaria x dumicolaV,25 ; VU,44
Dryopteris sparsaR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Elaphoglossum callifoliumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Gleichenia abscidaR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Huperzia carinataV,1; E,4 ; E,7 ; E,8 ; E,9 ; E,12 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,25 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; EN,43
Huperzia dalhousieanaE,1 ; E,4 ; E,7 ; E,9 ; E,12 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,25 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; EN,43
Huperzia filiformisE,4 ; E,7 ; E,8 ; E,9 ; E,12 ; E,13 ; E,14s ; E,25 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41s ; EN,43
Huperzia lockyeriV,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Huperzia marsupiiformisV,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Huperzia phlegmariaR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Huperzia phlegmarioidesR,1 ; R,4 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,8s ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Huperzia proliferaR,1 ; R,4 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Huperzia serrataX,4 ; X,7 ; X,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Huperzia squarrosaV,1 ; E,4 ; E,7 ; E,8 ; E,9 ; E,12 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,25 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; EN,43
Hymenophyllum eboracenseR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Hymenophyllum exiguumX,4 ; X,7 ; X,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Hymenophyllum gracilescensR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Hymenophyllum kerianumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Hymenophyllum lobbiiX,4 ; X,7 ; X,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Hymenophyllum pumilumR,4 ; R,8
Hymenophyllum whiteiR,1 ; X,4 ; R,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Hypolepis elegansK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Isoetes breviculaK,4 ; K,8 ; P3,29
Isoetes elatiorR,8
Isoetes humiliorR,8
Lastreopsis grayiR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Lastreopsis silvestrisR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Lastreopsis tinarooensisR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Lastreopsis walleriV,1 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,8 ; V,9 ; V,12 ; V,13 ; V,14 ; V,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41
Lecanopteris sinuosaK,4 ; K,8
Lemmaphyllum accedensX,4 ; X,7 ; X,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Leptopteris fraseriR,1 ; R,4
Lindsaea pulchellaV,1 ; V,4 ; V,7 ; V,9 ; V,12
Lindsaea pulchella var. blandaV,13 ; V,14 ; X,25 ; V,39 ; V,40 ; V,41 ; EW,43
Lindsaea terrae-reginaeK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Lindsaea trichomanoidesR,8
Lindsaea walkeraeR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Lycopodiella limosaR,8
Lycopodiella serpentinaK,1 ; K,4
Lycopodiella sp. "cape york" (b.gray 1511)R,4
Lycopodium volubileX,4 ; X,7 ; X,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Marsilea paradoxaK,4 ; K,8
Microsorum membranifoliumR,4 ; R,8
Monogramma dareicarpaX,4 ; K,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Nephrolepis aridaK,8
Nephrolepis obliterataK,1 ; K,4
Oenotrichia dissectaK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Ophioglossum lineareR,8
Plesioneuron tuberculatumK,4 ; E,8 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; EN,43
Pleuromanes pallidumR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Pneumatopteris costataK,1 ; K,4 ; R,8
Pneumatopteris pennigera R,1 ; R,4 ; V,8 ; R,25 ; V,27 ; FFG,28
Revwattsia fragileR,1 ; R,4 ; K,8
Sphaerocionium lyalliiR,4 ; R,8
Sphaerostephanos invisusK,8
Steenisioblechnum acuminatumR,4 ; R,8 ; R,25
Sticherus milneiR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8
Tectaria devexaK,1 ; E,4 ; E,7 ; E,8 ; E,9 ; E,12 ; E,13 ; E,14 ; E,39 ; E,40 ; E,41 ; CR,43
Tectaria siifoliaR,1 ; R,4 ; K,8
Thelypteris confluensK,1 ; K,4 ; K,8
Tmesipteris elongataR,1 ; R,4
Tmesipteris lanceolataX,4 ; K,8 ; X,13 ; X,14 ; X,25 ; X,39 ; X,40 ; X,41
Trichomanes mindorenseR,1 ; R,4 ; R,8

1Briggs J.D. and Leigh J.H., 1991, CSIRO Division of Plant Industry, Canberra.
4Endangered Species Unit, ANPWS, 1992
6Endangered Vertebrate Fauna, 1991, ANZECC, Endangered Fauna Network.
7Threatened Australian Flora, 1993, ANZECC, Endangered Flora Network.
8Briggs J.D., CSIRO Division of Plant Industry, Canberra.
9Endangered Species Unit, ANPWS, 1995.
12Environment Australia, Biodiversity Group - ESP Act - Schedule 1 - May 1996
13Environment Australia, Biodiversity Group - ESP Act - Schedule 1 - April 1998 (updated 8 July 1998)
14Threatened Australian Flora, May 1999, ANZECC
20Australian Capital Territory: NTFD Status
23New South Wales: NTFD Status
25Queensland: NTFD Status
26South Australia: NTFD Status
27Tasmania: NTFD Status
28Victoria: NTFD Status
29Western Australia: NTFD Status
30Northern Territory: NTFD Status
39Endangered Species Protection Act 1992: Flora 1997
40Threatened Australian Flora, 1997, ANZECC
41Threatened Australian Flora, 1998, ANZECC
42IUCN 1988
43IUCN 1998
44IUCN 1999
45IUCN Modified 1998
46IUCN Modified 1999
93Threatened Australian Flora, ANZECC - proposed changes to May 1999 list

Definitions

The following categories are used in the Schedules to the Endangered Species Protection Act and in the ANZECC lists of threatened flora:

Endangered

Vulnerable

Presumed Extinct

ROTAP Codes

Other Resources

  • Threatened Species and Ecolgical Communities Section, of Environment Australia
  • Schedules to the Endangered Species Protection Act
  • ANZECC lists of threatened flora
  • Ausralian Network for Plant conservation
  • References

    Braggins, J. 1996. Report on the conservation status of Norfolk Island ferns. Unpublished report prepared for the Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Norfolk Island. Auckland Uniservices Ltd, New Zealand.

    Briggs, J.D. & Leigh, J.H. 1996. Rare or threateaned Australian plants. CSIRO Publishing, Australia.

    Given, D.R. 1993. Changing aspects of endemism and endangerment in pteridophyta. J. Biogeog. 20: 293 - 302.

    Given & Jermy, A.C. 1985. Conservation of pteridophytes: a postscript. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edin. 86B: 435 - 437.

    Gomez-P., L.D. 1985. Conservation of pteridophytes. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edin. 86B: 431 - 433.

    Jermy, A.C. 1990. Conservation of Pteridophytes. In Kramer, K.U & Green, P.S. (eds.) The families and genera of vascular plants 1: 11. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

    Mickel, J.T.. 1977. Rare and endangered pteridophytes in the New World and their prospects for the future. In Prance, G.T. & Elias, T.S. (eds.) Extinction is forever. 232 - 230. New York Botanical Garden.

    Return to theAustralian National Herbarium
    page

    Updated November 1999 by Jim Croft ( jim.croft@environment.gov.au )