Eucalyptus wandoo subsp. wandoo Blakely, Key Eucalypts 112 (1934).
E. redunca Schauer in Lehm. Pl. Preiss. 1: 127 (1844), pro parte.: E. redunca Schauer var. elata Benth., Fl. Austral. 3: 253 (1867). T: Kalgan River, Western Australia, Oldfield s.n.; syn: K.
Trees to 18 m tall. Forming a lignotuber.
Bark smooth throughout, often with scattered tardily deciduous flakes, white to mottled white and pale grey-brown over cream or pale yellow; bark of saplings fibrous on stems, becoming smooth as size increases.
Branchlets not glaucous; pith glandular.
Juvenile growth (coppice or field seedlings to 50 cm): stems rounded or square in cross-section, often glaucous, not hairy; juvenile leaves always petiolate, opposite for 2–4 nodes then alternate, ovate, broadly lanceolate or deltoid, 4.5–15 cm long, 2.5–7.5 cm wide, base tapering to rounded or truncate, usually blue-green, not hairy.
Adult leaves alternate, petioles 1–2 cm long; blade lanceolate or slightly falcate, 7.5–12.5 cm long, 1–2.8 cm wide, base usually tapering, margin entire, apex pointed, concolorous, dull, grey-green to blue-grey or rarely, glossy and green, side-veins greater than 45° to midrib, reticulation moderate to dense, intramarginal vein remote from margin, oil glands mostly intersectional.
Inflorescences axillary unbranched, peduncles widening apically, 0.8–2 cm long; buds 9 to 17, pedicellate (pedicels 0.3–0.5 cm long). Mature buds fusiform but curved (0.8–1.4 cm long, 0.2–0.4 cm wide), scar present, operculum conical, to twice as long as hypanthium and equal to it at the join, a few outer stamens erect, most stamens variably deflexed, anthers oblong, dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, style long and straight, stigma blunt to rounded, locules 3(4), the placentae each with 4 vertical rows of ovules. Flowers white.
Fruit pedicellate (0.1–0.4 cm long), long-obconical to cylindrical, 0.6–1 cm long, 0.5–0.6 cm wide, disc descending usually vertically, valves 3(4), rim level or enclosed.
Seed pale to mid-brown or straw-coloured, 0.7–1.3 mm long, cuboid to sub-spherical, surface smooth, hilum ventral/terminal.
Cultivated seedling (measured at node 10): cotyledons Y-shaped (bisected); stems square or rounded in cross-section, glaucous or not so; leaves always petiolate, opposite for 2–4 nodes then alternate, deltoid, cordate or ovate, 5.5–11 cm long, 2.8–8 cm wide, dull, green-grey to slightly glaucous, becoming slightly glossy, green.
Eucalyptus wandoo is a species of small to medium-sized tree
to Western Australia, widespread in subcoastal plains and adjacent ranges
from Morawa in the north through the Darling Range and south-east to Pallinup
River east of the Stirling Range with an outlier in Twine Reserve east of
Narambeen in the central wheatbelt. The bark
of the mature tree
is smooth and the adult
leaves dull, grey-green to blue-green, although some specimens may have slightly
glossy leaves, e.g. Twine Reserve. The bark
of saplings is rough on the trunk. Juvenile
leaves are deltoid
to broadly lanceolate,
to 10 cm wide.
Eucalyptus wandoo belongs to Eucalyptus subgenus Symphyomyrtus section Bisectae subsection Glandulosae because the cotyledons are bisected, buds have an operculum scar and the branchlets have oil glands in the pith. Within this subsection E. wandoo is one of a group of 14 species that form series Levispermae subseries Cubiformes, characterized by having smooth cuboid seed (not spherical), flattened peduncles that widen apically and buds that are narrowly fusiform with some stamens erect and others variably deflexed.
E. wandoo differs from its closest relatives, E. capillosa and E. nigrifunda, by having glabrous, not hairy-scabrid seedling and juvenile leaves. Coppice growth of all three species is usually plentiful in a stand of trees. In addition, the bark of E. wandoo is not as colourful as that of E. capillosa, and E. nigrifunda has some basal rough bark. Another species often referred to by the common name Powderbark Wandoo, E. accedens, belongs to another taxonomic series and can be distinguished by the more robust obovoid buds, very large deltoid juvenile leaves and seasonally orange smooth powdery bark.
There are two subspecies:
This is the common form occurring from Gin Gin and Bindi Bindi southwards to the Hay River north of Denmark and easterly towards the Pallinup River area. Subsp. wandoo has smooth, white and non-powdery and the branchlets non-glaucous.
The northern form occurring north from Cataby to Morawa. Subsp. pulverea has smooth, white and powdery and the branchlets are glaucous.
Flowering has been recorded in January, February, March, April, June, August and October.
The timber of E. wandoo is very hard, strong and durable and has been used extensively for sleepers, poles, flooring and many forms of heavy construction.
Origin of Name
Eucalyptus wandoo: wandoo - the Aboriginal name for the tree.